Broccoli, cauliflower, and artichokes are all flowers. The top portion of broccoli are actually flower buds. Over time the top will burst into a bright yellow flower, hence the name broccoli “florets.” The small yellow flowers have a mild spiciness (mild broccoli flavor), and are perfect for salads and stir-fry (unless of course, you don’t like broccoli).
The spice saffron is the stamen from the crocus flower. Dried Mexican saffron (Safflower) is used as a food colorant in place of the more expensive and pungent Spanish Saffron.
Capers are unopened flower buds to a bush native in the Mediterranean and Asian nations.
Carnation petals are sweet and can be used in wine, candy, or deserts such as cake decorating. Carnation petals are one of “secret ingredients” that has been used to make Chartreuse, a French liqueur, since the 17th century.
Check out the 234 Edible Flowers Suitable for Winemaking for a list of other flowers that can be used in wines.